Selasa, 08 Februari 2011

Beberapa Idiom dalam Bahasa Inggris

Dalam berbahasa penggunaan idiom sangat penting agar tidak terkesan kaku dan aneh. Berikut adalah kumpulan beberapa idiom bahasa inggris praktis sehari-hari.


IDIOM YANG PRAKTIS UNTUK DI HAFAL SEPERTI :
TO CUT THE GORDIAN KNOT = MENGAMBIL JALAN PINTAS
TO LEARN BY HEART = MENGHAFAL
TO HAVE A SWIM = TO SWIM = BERENANG
TO HAVE BREAK = ISTIRAHAT
TO HAVE A REST = ISTIRAHAT
TO TAKE A WALK = TO WALK = BERJALAN
A BAG OF BONES = KURUS KERING
JUST $ 10,000 = MURAH SEKALI

COME ON = AYOLAH
COME ON IN = AYO MASUKLAH
MY HANDS ARE FULL = SAYA SANGAT SIBUK
TAKE IT EASY = TENANGLAH
JUST NOW = TADI
JUST A MINUTE = TUNGGU SEBENTAR
CALL IT A DAY ! = SEKIAN SAJA KITA BEKERJA HARI INI !
LEND ME YOUR HAND = BANTULAH SAYA
THIS BOOK IS ABOVE ME = SAYA TIDAK PAHAM BUKU INI
HER NOSE IS RUNNING (RUNNING NOSE) = INGUSNYA MELELEH
RUNNING OUT OF GASOLINE = KEHABISAN BENSIN
WHERE ARE YOU HEADING ? = ANDA MAU KEMANA ?
CAN YOU TELL A CHINESE FROM A KOREAN ? = BISAKAN ANDA MEMBEDAKAN ORANG CHINA DAN ORANG KOREA ?
TO MAKE BOTH ENDS MEET = HIDUP PAS-PASAN
I WILL DO MY BEST = SAYA AKAN BERUSAHA SUNGGUH-SUNGGUH (SAYA AKAN MELAKU YG TERBAIK)
ABOVE ALL = YANG TERPENTING/ TERUTAMA
TO BE ABOUT TO = BARU SAJA HENDAK
DROP IN/BY = MAMPIR/SINGGAH
ALL THE BETTER = MALAH LEBIH BAIK
AFTER WHILE = NANTI SEBENTAR
ALL THE SAME = SAMA SAJA/ JIKA TIDAK APA-APA
ALL THE TIME = SEJAK DULU, NON STOP, TERUS MENERUS
ARM IN ARM = BERGANDENG TANGAN
ALL OVER = SEMUA TELAH SELESAI
AS FAR AS/ SO FAR AS = SAMPAI/ SEPANJANG
AS FOR = MENGENAI/ KALAU
AS IF = SEOLAH-OLAH
AS LONG AS = SEOLAH-OLAH
AS LONG AS = SELAMA, ASALKAN
AS SOON AS = SEGERA SETELAH
AS SOON AS POSSIBLE (ASAP)= SESEGERA MUNGKIN
AS TO = MENGENAI
AS USUAL, AS ALWAYS = SEPERTI BIASA
AS WELL AS = BEGITU JUGA/PULA, DI SAMPING
AS WELL = JUGA

AT FIRST = MULA-MULA
FIRST OF ALL = PERTAMA-TAMA
AT LAST = AKHIRNYA
AT LEAST = SETDAK-TIDAKNYA, PALING TIDAK
AT ONE TIME = DULU, DAHULU
AT SIXES AND SEVENS = BINGUNG
AT BEST/ AT MOST = PALING-PALING, TDK LEBIH DARI
ABOUT TIME SUDAH WAKTUNYA HARUS
AS YOU PLEASE = SESUKAMU
TO BACK OUT = MENARIK DIRI
TO BACK UP = MENDUKUNG/ MENSUPPORT
TO BREAK DOWN = MOGOK
TO BREAK INTO TEAR = MENANGIS SEJADI-JADINYA/ TERSEDU-SEDU
TO CALL DOWN = MENCERCA, MENDAMPRAT
TO CALL FOR = MENJEMPUT
TO CALL IN = MEMANGGIL KE RUMAH
TO CALL ON = MAMPIR,SINGGAH
TO CARRY OUT = MELAKSANAKAN
TO CARRY ON = TERUSKAN/LANJUTKAN
TO OVER COME = MENGATASI
TO COME OUT = KELUAR
TO CHANGE ONE’S(HER/HIS) MIND = MERUBAH NIAT
BY CHANCE = SECARA KEBETULAN, TAK TERDUGA
TO COME ABOUT = TERJADI
TO COME ALONG = IKUT
TO COME BACK = KEMBALI
TO COME FROM = BERASAL DARI
TO COME DOWN = TURUN
TO COME OVER = TURUN KEMARI, DATANGLAH KEMARI
TO COME TO = BERJUMLAH, MENCAPAI JUMLAH
TO COME TRUE = MENJADI KENYATAAN
TO DROP IN = SINGGAH TANPA RENCANA, MAMPIR
TO DROP OUT = PUTUS SEKOLAH
TO FIND OUT = MENGETAHUI, MENYELIDIKI
TO FORGIVE AND FORGET/LET BYGONES BE BYGONES = MELUPAKAN PERISTIWA YG LALU= YANG LALU BIARLAH BERLALU JANGAN DI INGAT LAGI.

FILL UP = MENGISI
TUG OF WAR = TARIK TAMBANG
SETTLE UP = MEMBAYAR ( SETTLE UP ACCOUNT)
TO HARDLY EVER = JARANG = SELDOM
FOR THE TIME BEING = UNTUK SEMENTARA WAKTU
FOR THE MIND TIME (TEMPORARY)= UNTUK SEMENTARA WAKTU
TO BE FUSSY ABOUT = TERLALU REWEL
TO GET ALONG = MAJU, MEMBUAT KEMAJUAN
TO GET AWAY = BERANGKAT, MENINGGALKAN
TO GET BACK = KEMBALI PULANG
TO GET BY= LEAWAT
TO GET BETTER = MULAI SEMBUH/ LEBIH BAIK
TO GET LOST = TERSESAT
TO GET BEHIND = KETINGGALAN
TO GET OFF = TURUN
TO GET ON = NAIK
TO GET OVER/ GET WELL FROM = SEMBUH
TO GET UP = BANGUN TIDUR
TO GET OUT = KELUAR
TO GET IN = MASUK
TO GET USED TO = MENJADI BIASA
TO GIVE BACK = MENGEMBALIKAN
TO GIVE BIRTH TO = MELAHIRKAN
TO GIVE OUT = MEMBAGI-BAGIKAN
TO GO AFTER/ TO COME AFTER = MENYUSUL, MENGIKUTI
TO GO AHEAD = TERUSKAN, MENERUSKAN, TERUS(LET’S GO AHEAD WE HAVEN’T ENOUGH TIME TO HAVE A REST/PLEASE DON’T GO AHEAD WITH IT UNTIL YOU HAVE SEEN ME AGAIN)
TO GO ALONG WITH = MENEMANI, IKUT
TO GO AROUND = BERKELILING
TO GO BACK = KEMBALI PADA (POKOK PEMBICARAAN, KEBIASAAN)
TO GO ON = MENERUSKAN, TERUS MENERUS, TERUS
TO GO UP = NAIK, MENINGKAT
TO GO WITH = COCOK, SERASI, BERPACARAN
TO GO WITH THE WIND = LENYAP, BERLALU UTK SELAMANYA
TO GROW UP = DEWASA, DIBESARKAN, TUMBUH DEWASA(I WAS BORN AND GROWN UP IN THE COUNTRY/ GROW UP. YOU ARE NOT A BABY ANYMORE/ MARY IS GROWING UP NOW, SO SHE WANTS TO HAVE A BOY FRIEND)

IN ADVANCE = DI MUKA, LEBIH DAHULU, SEBELUMNYA (THANKS IN ADVANCE OF YOUR KIND ATTENTION = TRIMAKASIH SEBELUMNYA ATAS PERHATIAN BAIKMU) JADI SALAH ATAU KURANG TEPAT KALAU KITA BILANG THANKS BEFORE

IN AND OUT = SERING DATANG DAN PERGI
IN CHARGE = BERTUGAS, MEMEGANG PIMPINAN (JHON IS IN CHARGE NOW = JHON SEDANG BERTUGAS SEKARANG)

IN GENERAL = UMUMNYA(THE WEATHER IN JAKARTA IS WARM IN GENERAL)
IN LOVE = SANGAT MENYAYANGI(THE NEW COUPLE MARRIED ARE IN LOVE ONE ANOTHER)
IN MEMORY OF = SEBAGAI PERINGATAN(THE NEW BUILDING WAS NAMED FORD HALL IN MEMORY OF JAMES FORD)
HEARTFELT THANKS OF = TERIMA KASIH DENGAN SETULUS HATI
IN SECRET = SECARA DIAM-DIAM, MASIH RAHASIA(LET NO ONEE KNOWS ABOUT IT,PLEASE TELL ME IN SECRET)
JUST ABOUT = HAMPIR(I JUST ABOUT MISSED THE TRAIN)
JUST NOW, A WHILE AGO= TADI, BARU SAJA, SESAAT YANG LALU
TO KEEP FROM = MENCEGAH, MENAHAN(I KEEP HER FROM GOING THERE ALONE)
TO KEEP DARK = MERAHASIAKAN (YOU HAVE TO KEEP IT DARK TO EVERY ONE)
TO KEEP IN MIND = MENCAMKAN, CAMKAN,(PLEASE, KEEP MY ADVICE IN MIND=TOLONG,CAMKAN NASEHAT SAYA)

Never stop to learn !!! We don’t have to be great to start, but we have to start to be great !

TO KEEP IN TOUCH = MENJAGA AGAR SELALU BERKOMUNIKASI/BERHUBUNGAN (WHEN YOU ARE ABROAD, PLEASE KEEP IN TOUCH WITH US ANY TIME) ANY TIME = SETIAP WAKTU

TO KEEP ON = TERUS,TERUS MENERUS(I KEEP/KEEP ON WALKING/LEARNING = SAYA TERUS BERJALAN/BELAJAR))
TO KNOW BY SIGHT = MENGENAL SESEORANG KARENA PERNAH MELIHAT ( I NEVER MEET HIM BUT I KNOW HIM BY SIGHT = SAYA TDK PERNAH BERJUMPA DENGANNYA TAPI SAYA TAHU PERNAH MELIHATNYA)

TO KNOW BY FACE = MENGENAL WAJAH ( IDON’T KNOW HER NAME BUT I KNOW HER BY FACE)
TO LOOK AFTER = MENJAGA, MENGURUS (JHON’S MOTHER TOLD HIM TO LOOK AFTER HIS YOUNGEST SISTER WHEN SHE IS OUT)

TO LOOK DOWN ON = MEMANDANG RENDAH ORANG LAIN (SHE ALWAYS LOOKS DOWN ON HER FRIENDS)
TO LOOK FORWARD TO = SANGAT MENGHARAP(WE ARE LOOKING FORWARD TO SEEING YOU AGAIN)
TO LOOK INTO = MENYELIDIKI(WE SHALL LOOK INTO THEIR COMPLAINS)
TO LOOK BACK = MERENUNGKAN KEMBALI(MARY LIKES TO LOOK BACK ON HER OLD TIMES)
OLD TIMES = MASA/WAKTU SILAM
TO LOOK UP TO = MENGHORMATI(THE STUDENTS MUST LOOK UP TO THEIR TEACHER)
TO LOOK OUT = HATI-HATI, AWAS, WASPADA(LOOK OUT!A CAR IS COMING IN HIGHT SPEED)
TO LOOK OVER = MEMERIKSA KEMBALI(I WILL LOOK IT OVER WHETHER IT IS RIGHT OR WRONG)
TO MAKE BELIEVE = BERPURA-PURA(I ONLY MADE BELIEVE THAT I WAS SICK)
TO MAKE CLEAR = MENJELASKAN (YOU MUST MAKE CLEAR TO HIM ABOUT THE PROBLEM)
TO MAKE EYES AT = BERMAIN MATA, BERSUKA-SUKAAN(IWAN LIKES TO MAKE EYES AT EVERY GIRL)

TO MAKE A LIVING = MENCARI NAFKAH
NO MATTER = TIDAK PERDULI/PEDULI (NO MATTER NOW BUSY YOU ARE, YOU HAVE TO SPEND AT LEAST ONE HOUR EVERY DAY TO PRACTISE YOUR ENGLISH)

NO DOUBT = TIDAK SANGSI LAGI (IT’S NO DOUBT TO MAKE FRIEND WITH HER)

OFF AND ON (KADANG2 KITA DENGAR JUGA ON AND OFF) = SEKALI-SEKALI, SEBENTAR-SEBENTAR, KADANG-KADANG MUNCUL KADANG TENGGELAM( WE SEE EACH OTHER JUST OFF AND ON) OR (THE SIGNAL SIMPATI ALWAYS ON AND OFF)

OFF DUTY = BEBAS TUGAS, ( I AM OFF DUTY TODAY OR I WILL BE OFF DUTY FOR 3 DAYS NEXT WEEK)

FOR ONCE AND FOR ALL = SEKALI DAN UNTUK SELAMA-LAMANYA

ON CONDITION = DENGAN SYARAT(I’LL LEND YOU THE MONEY ON CONDITION THAT YOU MUST PAY IT BACK NEXT MONTH)

ON DUTY = SEDANG TUGAS/BERDINAS(WHERE IS IWAN ? HE IS ON DUTY)
ON ONE’S MIND = DALAM HATI/PIKIRAN (I AM VERY GLAD YOU TELL ME ABOUT IT, BECAUSE IT HAS BEEN ON MY MIND FOR LONG)

ON PURPOSE = SENGAJA(I AM SORRY. I DIDN’T DO IT ON PURPOSE)

INTENTIONALLY THAN = DARIPADA KESENGAJAAN

ON SALE = DIJUAL OBRAL/ MURAH(MANY SHOPS HAVE THEIR GOODS ON SALE)
ON THE SPOT = DITEMPAT KEJADIAN (NINE PEOPLE DIED ON THE SPOT IN THE ACCIDENT)
ON TRIAL = DALAM PERCOBAAN (THE NEW INVITATION IS ON TRIAL)
OPEN HEART = JUJUR, DGN HATI TERBUKA(I ACCEPT WITH AN OPEN HEART TO WHAT SHE SAYS)
OPEN SECRET = BUKAN RAHASIA LAGI(THE NEWS ABOUT HER DISMISSAL IS AN OPEN SECRET)
OUT OF ORDER = RUSAK, TAK BISA DIPAKAI LAGI
OUT OF STOCK = HABIS PERSEDIAAN
OVER AGE = LEWAT UMUR, KETUAAN
UNDER AGE – DIBAWAH UMUR, MASIH MUDA, KEMUDAAN
TO PUT ASIDE = MENYISIHKAN, MEMBIARKAN
TO PUT OFF – MENUNDA, MENANGGUHKAN
TO PUT ON = MEMAKAI, MENGENAKAN
TO PUT OUT = MEMADAMKAN
TO PUT DOWN = MENCATAT
TO PAY ATTENTION = MEMPERHATIKAN
TO PLAYS UP = KAMBUH KEMBALI
TO RUN AFTER = MENGEJAR
TO RUN AWAY = MELARIKAN DIRI ( THE THIEVES RUN AWAY WITH A LOT OF MONEY)
TO RUN WAY = LANDASAN PACU PESAWAT TERBANG
TO RUN OUT = HABIS
SIDE BY SIDE = BERDEKATAN, BERDAMPINGAN
ON THE SIDE STREET = DI UJUNG JALAN
SLIP OF TOUGUE = SALAH NGOMONG/UCAP, KESELEO LIDAH
TO SLOW DOWN = MEMPERLAMBAT JALAN, MENJADI LAMBAT, PELAN-PELAN (THE ROAD WAS SLIPPERY, SO WE HAD TO SLOW DOWN THE CAR)

TO STAND BY = SIAP SEDIA KALAU DIBUTUHKAN (I ALWAYS STAND BY TO HELP YOU)
TO BE SURE = JANGAN LUPA(BE SURE TO SEND MY SWEET REGARD TO YOUR PARENTS)
TO STAY UP = BERGADANG
TO STAY IN = TINGGAL DI RUMAH
TO STAY OUT = TIDAK SELALU DIRUMAH
TO TAKE AFTER = MIRIP, MENYERUPAI
TO BE NAMED AFTER = DIBERI NAMA SAMA SEPERTI
TO TAKE A WALK = JALAN-JALAN
TO TAKE A SEAT = MEMPERSILAKAN DUDUK
TO TAKE BACK = MENGEMBALIKAN
TO TAKE CARE = MENJAGA, HATI-HATI (PLEASE, TAKE CARE OF YOUR LITTLE SISTER”;SAID MOTHER TO IWAN)

TO TAKE CHARGE = BERTANGGUNG JAWAB
TO TAKE PLACE = BERLANGSUNG
TO TAKE ONE’S TIME = SANTAI-SANTAI SAJA
TO TAKE PART = IKUT SERTA, AMBIL BAGIAN
TO THINK OVER = MEMPERTIMBANGKAN
TO TRY OUT = UJI COBA, MENGUJI, MENCOBA
TO SEA TRIAL = UJI COBA LAUT
TO TURN ON = MENYALAKAN, MENGHIDUPKAN (PLEASE, TURN ON THE LIGHT WHEN YOU LEAVE THE HOUSE. OR PLEASE, TURN ON THE TV, THE PROGRAM IS INTERESTING)

TO TURN OFF = MEMATIKAN, MEMADAMKAN (PLEASE TURN OFF THE RADIO, IT’S VERY NOISY)
TO TURN OVER = SERAH TERIMA
TO AND FROM = PULANG-PERGI, MONDAR-MANDIR
UP TO SOME ONE = TERSERAH KEPADA (IT IS UP TO YOU WHETHER WE WILL GO OR NOT)
UP TO DATE = MUTAKHIR, MODERN
OUT UP DATE = KETINGGALAN ZAMAN, SUDAH KUNO
BY THE WAY (BTW) = NGOMONG-NGOMONG (BY THE WAY, DO YOU KNOW MANY IDIOMS ?) (BY THE WAY, I WOULD LIKE TO IMPROVE MY ENGLISH GRAMMAR)

IN COMING = MASUK ( IN COMING COMMANDER = KOMANDAN YG BARU MASUK)
OUT GOING = KELUAR ( OUT GOING COMMANDER = KOMANDAN YANG LAMA = KELUAR)
HAND OVER = MENYERAHKAN
TAKE OVER = MENGAMBIL ALIH
RAISE THE FLAG = NAIK BENDERA
LOWER THE FLAG = TURUN BENDERA
HALF MAST THE FLAG = BENDERA 1/2 TIANG (BERKABUNGAN)/ BERDUKA )= MOURNING

IN THE PINK = SEHAT, KONDISI KESEHATANNYA BAGUS, DALAM KEADAAN BAGUS (I’M FEELING IN THE PINK NOW. THANKS FOR THE TREATMENT DOCTOR OR I ALWAYS TAKE GOOD CARE OF MY DOG. THEY ALWAYS STAY IN THE PINK.

IN THE SAME BOAT = BERADA DALAM SITUASI YG SAMA BURUKNYA (BOTH JANE AND I DON’T HAVE MONEY AT ALL. WE ARE IN THE SAME BOAT.

AT ALL = SAMA SEKALI

RAIN CATS AND DOGS = HUJAN SANGAT DERAS SEKALI = HEAVY RAIN (DON’T FORGET YOUR UMBRELLA. IT IS RAINING CATS AND DOGS.

MONEY TO BURN = UANG LEBIH , UANG UNTUK DIPAKAI SESUKANYA = EXTRA MONEY (HE IS TAKING US TO AN EXPENSIVE RESTAURANT. HE MUST HAVE MONEY TO BURN

WHAT A DAME ! = ALANGKAH CANTIKNYA

SLEEP LIKE A LONG = SOUND SLEEP = TIDUR NYENYAK SEKALI (HE WAS SO TIRED LAST NIGHT THAT I HE SLEPT LIKE A LONG)

SPEAK OF THE DEVIL = ORANG YG LAGI DIBICARAKAN..EH TAHU-TAHU MUNCUL SEKETIKA I HADAPAN ORANG YG SEDANG MEMBICARAKANNYA (WE WERE TALKING ABOUT IWAN WHEN ALL OF A SUDDEN HE WALKED IN “AHA ! SPEAK OF THE DEVIL”.

MISS THE BOAT = KEHILANGAN KESEMPATAN KARENA TERLALU LAMBAT ATAU TERLAMBAT (DAMN. THE SALE IS OVER. I MISS THE BOAT)

GREEN THUMB = KALAU MENANAM TANAMAN SELALU BERHASIL TUMBUH DNG BAIK/SUBUR (MY MOTHER HAS A GREEN THUMB. YOU SHOULD SEE HER GARDEN! EVERY THING GROWS WELL.

DON’T RAIN ON MY PARADE = JANGAN RUSAK RENCANA2 SAYA (OH, C’MON ! DON’T RAIN ON MY PARADE. YOU CAN SOMEONE ELSE TO GO WITH YOU)

DROP YOU A LINE = MEMBERI KHABAR/ MENULIS SURAT (I WILL DROP YOU A LINE ONCE I REACH JAKARTA)

SAFE AND SOUND = SELAMAT TAK KURANG SESUATU APAPUN (IT WAS A BUMPY RIDE, BUT I FINALLY A RRIVED SAFE AND SOUND)

IN THE DARK = TDK DIBERITAHU/ BUTA INFORMASI (I KNOW NOTHING ABOUT IT. YOU HAVE LEFT ME IN THE DARK)

Jika ingin lebih mengetahui lagi tentang penggunaan bentuk kata dalam bahasa inggris, kita bisa mempelajari berbagai bentuk kata atau verb. Bentuk kata dibagi menjadi dua, regular verb dan irregular verb. Hal ini akan dapat sangat membantu sekali untuk lebih memahami arti dari idiom.

Berlatih dengan nyanyian bisa mempermudah hapalan, jika ngerti lagunya tentu saja.

WHEN YOU LOVE SOMEONE BY BRYAN ADAMS

When you Love Someone

When you love someone – you’ll do anything
you’ll do all the crazy things – that you can’t explain
you’ll shoot the moon – put out the sun
when you love someone

you’ll deny the truth – believe a lie
there’ll be times that you’ll believe – you can really fly
but your lonely nights – have just begun
when you love someone

reff :

when you love someone – you’ll feel it deep inside
and nothin’ else – can ever change your mind
when you want someone – when you need someone
when you love someone…

part II :

when you love someone – you’ll sacrifice
you’d give it everything you got – and you won’t think twice
you’d risk it all – no matter what may come
when you love someone… yeah

you’ll shoot the moon – put out the sun
when you love someone

artikel ini diambil dari aveef dengan editing

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